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The European Union agrees on pioneering standards for Artificial Intelligence

The European Union agrees on pioneering standards for Artificial Intelligence

Last 9 December the Council and the European Parliament reached a provisional agreement on the first harmonized rules for artificial intelligence (IA). This draft regulation not only seeks to guarantee the security of AI systems in the European market, but also preserve the fundamental rights and values ​​of the EU. In this article, We will explore in detail this historic proposal and its impact on stimulating investment and innovation in the field of AI in Europe.

The provisional agreement clarifies that AI regulation will not affect areas outside the scope of EU law or interfere with Member States' national security powers.. Besides, The application of the law to systems used exclusively for military or defense purposes is expressly excluded., as well as those employed solely for research and innovation and by individuals for non-professional purposes..

The scope and limitations of AI regulations

The regulation establishes that low-risk AI systems must comply with mild transparency obligations. However, high-risk systems will be subject to specific requirements and obligations to access the EU market. The agreement prohibits practices such as cognitive behavioral manipulation, Non-selective removal of facial images and emotion recognition in work and educational environments. Besides, restrictions are established on the use of remote biometric identification systems.

Fines for violations will be established as a percentage of the global annual turnover of the violating company.. However, Proportionate limits will apply to fines for SMEs and start-ups. The agreement also seeks to create a legal framework that encourages innovation, introducing support measures and flexibility for companies looking to test AI systems in limited, real-world environments.

After the provisional agreement, Work will continue on the technical details in the coming weeks. The AI ​​law is scheduled to come into force two years after its formal adoption, with some exceptions for specific provisions. This step represents a strong commitment by the European Union to responsible regulation of AI, ushering in a new era at the intersection of technology and fundamental rights.